In his foreword to the novel Brave New World, Aldous Huxley envisioned what the world would be like if we were all “under the iron curtain” when he wrote: “To make them love it is the task assigned, in present- day totalitarian states, to ministries of propaganda.” (Huxley page #) Thus, through hypnopaedic teaching (brainwashing), mandatory attendance to community gatherings, and allusions to prominent political dictators, Huxley bitterly satirized totalitarian propaganda and political technique to point out the problems of a dystopian society. The way the fascist and totalitarian regimes used mass propaganda techniques to brainwash their people was nearly identical to the way Huxley described the hypnopaedic teachings in his novel. He also thought, however, that the present-day totalitarian states’ methods were still “crude and unscientific” (page #).
For example, in Brave New World the different classes were brainwashed since birth to believe that they all contributed equally to society. Therefore, the people wouldn’t go against the World Controllers because they had never been trained or allowed to think differently. In addition, they didn’t have any knowledge of a society that they could compare theirs to. This was evident in the saying “History is bunk” (page #). Similarly, the totalitarian dictators attempted to control but failed because they weren’t able to persuade the entire world to think like them. In addition, Communism attempted to rewrite history, but the society in Brave New World took the next step and forgot about history altogether.
The only people who had access to any knowledge of the past were the ones who had the power: the World Controllers. Thus, they were able to create a stable society. Since the hypnopaedic ideas in the society were continuously repeated throughout one’s lifetime, mandatory attendance to community gatherings, such as the Solidarity Service, were strictly enforced. The main purpose of the Solidarity Service was to promote social stability.
The people were driven to this idea by singing songs like the First Solidarity Hymn, which began, “Ford, we are twelve oh, make us one” (page #). During this time, people were also consuming soma rations, which drugged them and caused them to get swept up in the service. Consequently, at the end an orgy took place, which brought them together as one being. In comparison, the political rallies Hitler and other fascists held served a similar purpose.
Just as people would chant, “Hail Hitler,” at mass rallies, character in Brave New World would also chant their idol’s name, Ford, during the Solidarity Services. Although these uses of political satire are evident, the most obvious are Huxley’s allusions to the prominent totalitarian dictators. Bernard Marx, for example, was used as an allusion to Karl Marx, the founder of socialism. Socialism’s main idea was that no one had individual property. Likewise, the hypnopaedic proverb “Everyone belongs to everyone else” (citation?), kept the society from becoming attached to one particular individual.
Huxley also included allusions to other totalitarian dictators to show how the society in the novel was closer to a fascist dystopian society instead of the perfect world they were made to perceive. For example, Lenina, who briefly dated Bernard, was an allusion to Lenin, the founder of the Communist Party. Contrary to socialism, communism is a society controlled by the few elite. Likewise, the Ten World Controllers controlled the society in Brave New World. Finally, Benito Hoover alluded to Benito Mussolini, a dictator of Italy, in the novel.
Mussolini’s name was included to reinforce the ideas of socialism that were brought out in the novel. In conclusion, Huxley satirized political tactics and leaders in his discussion of hypnopaedic teachings, community gatherings, and allusions to certain political figures. It is nearly impossible to imagine our world “under the iron curtain.” Huxley, however, was able to shape a realistic society through his broad knowledge of fascist ideas. Thus Huxleys audience may be able to identify the problems associated with a dystopian society.
- Example – Huxley, Alex. Brave New World.
City: Publisher, year. THE LINK MADE WITH HITLER AND THE IRON CURTAIN IS GREAT! IT HELPS THE AUDIENCE TO RELATE TO THE ESSAY. THIS PAPER NEEDS TO POLISH GRAMMAR AND FORMATTING. FOCUS ON MAKING SURE THAT EVERYTHING IS EXPRESSED CLEARLY.
CUT UNNECESSARY WORDS. MAKE SURE THE THESIS STATEMENT IS CLEAR IN THE INTRO, EXAMINED SUPPORTED THROUGHOUT THE ESSAY AND REITARETATED IN THE CONCLUSION. PERHAPS YOU SHOULD EXPAND ON SOME OF THE IDEAS.