.. d went forward with his troops. Unfortunately, the defenders on Omaha Beach tragically failed, regardless, the rest of the mission was an incredible success. On April 25, 1945, following the advancement of the troops, the Russians and the Western Allies had managed to cut Germany in two. By the morning of May 7th, Hitler was dead and the Germans had surrendered at Eisenhowers headquarters in Reims; by the end of the summer, France had been liberated.
Following this inevitable end to the war, Eisenhower was given a variety of special honors and began to astronomically climb the success ladder of his career. In 1945, he was appointed to Army Chief of Staff, in 1947 he was transferred to the Secretary of Defense, in 1950 he was made the president of Columbia University, and finally in 1951 he became the Supreme Commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO). Eisenhower was always a fair and respected leader with a high morale. He once sent home a British soldier for the reason that he had called a man a British S.O.B., despite the fact that he agreed with his actions. Also, the criticism which was once heavy on Ikes shoulders from those who did not trust his ability to command had easily been proven wrong.
Still , it was his philosophy that American citizens would sooner accept failure before abandonment that got him his glory. Nevertheless, even Ike had his feeble moments. Throughout the war, the mere thought of failure taunted him to the point where he prepared a speech to be used in such case. It read as this: My decision to attack at this time and place was based upon the best information available. The troops, the air and the Navy did all that bravery and devotion to duty could do.
If any blame or fault attaches to the attempt it is mine alone(Dwight). He said he lived by one doctrine-to serve his country. The president had given him a responsible position, and nothing could sway me from my purpose of carrying out faithfully his orders in whatever he may assign me(Ambrose 300). Despite his disinterest in the presidential election as far back as 1943, Ikes future was spreading out for him in the year of 1951. After much controversy between the two parties, Ikes name had pretty soon found its way onto the Republican ballot for the1952 election. His name was entered in many state primaries against the more conservative Senator Robert A. Taft of Ohio (Eisenhower, Dwight D(avid) 406). After this he finally agreed to run .
In July at the Party Convention he had won the ballot with Nixon as his running mate. Eisenhower tirelessly campaigned despite his old age of 62 and impressed millions with his warmth and sincerity. Sure enough it paid off and he was elected the 34th president of the United States of America. After taking office, Ike put most of his enforcement into governmental honesty with the public and growth of the economy. He also promised to explore the expansion of peace among the United States and other foreign countries after the continuance of the Korean War.
Eisenhower liked to describe himself as a middle-of-the-roader, and his administration was a relatively faithful expression of the moderately conservative outlook of the U.S. business community. He hoped to balance the budget, hold down inflation, and give the nation efficient, economical government, but he made no significant effort to repeal established programs in such policy areas as labor, agriculture, and social welfare (Eisenhower, Dwight D(avid) 95). Eisenhower strongly believed in little federal enforcement, whereas the federal government should allow citizens to succeed as much as they could without interference. Also, before being re-elected for his second term, he formed the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization with the help of his Seceratary of State, John Dulles.
The object of this was to prevent any further Communist Expansion. In 1955, Eisenhower suffered a heart attack which led people to believe that he would not be well enough to fulfill a second term in office. However, he recovered rather quickly and turned the election of 1956 into the biggest one sided race in twenty years. Later that same year, during the seizure of the Suez Canal, the Eisenhower Doctrine was put into effect. The basis of this was a pledge to send U.S.
armed forces to any Mid-Eastern country requesting assistance against Communist aggression. He also faced the most challenging decision of his presidential career. Although he had previously made it widely known that he strongly disliked segregation, he decided to enforce a rather delayed process of integration. He believed that a matter so widely disputed needed to be dealt with slowly and with care. With this in mind, the first Civil Rights Act was created in 1957.
Eisenhower also succeeded to form NASA in 1958 after the Soviets launched the first satellite into space. Even so, as all inevitably do, his reign was forced to come to an end. Come the end of his second term in the Oval Office, Eisenhower was restored to his former rank as General of the Army in 1961. He served a good eight years before he passed away March 28, 1969. Ike succeeded to levels that most could have never expected from him. He came from a poverty-stricken family and still found his way through military college which brought him to the height of a General.
His role in WWII was more then important, it was crucial. Not only did he lead the D-Day invasion, but he volunteered his work seven days a week without hesitation. Eisenhower was a man with morals and goals. He always kept his line of duty a priority rather then looking into the future. As a president, he trusted his colleagues with decisions and impressed millions with his honesty and sincerity.
Whats more, he looked past his obligations with the U.S. and helped other countries in their time of despair. Dwight Eisenhower was a powerful, goal oriented, hard worker and never ceased to amaze those who looked up to him. As WWII produced a great variety of military leaders, political figures and government officials, Dwight David Eisenhower shined as all three. He battled his way to the top of the Armys ranks with honors, administered the greatest invasion in history, and became a highly respected and admired president.
It is clear that Ike had no problem winning the trust and the hearts of American voters. This paper was meant to describe his personal background and how it led to his rise of power, the positions he attained along the way, and the ideas and philosophies he centralized into his use of power. Furthermore, this paper has characterized the contributions that he made to war and peace, explained how his leadership was brought to an end, and evaluated his role in the war and as a leader. Bibliography Ambrose, Stephen E. The Supreme Commander: The War Years of General Dwight D.
Eisenhower. New York: Doubleday, 1967: 44; 300 Dwight D. Eisenhower: Thirty-Fourth President 1953-1961. AOL History. Http://www.whitehouse.gov/wh/glimse/presidents/htm l/de34.html (27 March 00) Eisenhower, Dwight D. At Ease: Stories I tell to my friends.
New York: Doubleday, 1967: 66 Eisenhower, Dwight D(avid). Brittanica. 1974: 4-406 Eisenhower, Dwight D(avid). Merit Students Encyclopedia. 1991: 4-95 Kappler, Frank K. World War II.
Boston: Little Brown & Co., 1990: 86 Knapp, Ron. American Generals of WWII. New Jersey: Enslow, 1998: 39 La Fay, Howard. The Eisenhower Story. National Geographic July 1969: 5;13;15 History Reports.