Ethical leadership is seen in medical and energizing love powers, recognizing that leadership is a mutual relationship with followers. The mission of a leader is to serve and sustain, and his passion for leadership stems from compassion (Ethical leadership is even shown in an effort to curb ethical leadership to love.
Good leaders have a better ability to adhere to morals to their followers, and it is not a skill, but awareness and a world perspective Ethical leadership has beneficial consequences for followers and organizations, reflected in leaders ‘ perceived efficiency and job satisfaction, bigger commitment and problem solving.
Ethical values in an organizational environment are still emphasized and strengthened primarily by values- leadership, that can be described now as a relationship between the leaders and co-workers, based on shared, internalized principles upon which the leader acts ((Daft 2007). Values are general principles that guide action. Values are not actions; they are sanctions or sanctions codes for certain behavioral choices and rewards for others. Over the course of history, values have attracted the interest of many researchers in different sciences. On the basis of virtue (value) theory five values are crucial for ethical leaders and they are as follows
- Pride. A leader who lacks self-esteem will hardly receive respect from his followers.
- Patience. Sometimes a leader is faced with challenges from all sides and also resistance from his followers. Because it may take time to overcome these challenges, patience is very important.
- Prudence. Prudence is a virtue that refers to exercising sound judgement in practical affairs.
- Persistence. It is perceived as a leader striving for goals and his continuing quest to take all the necessary steps to achieve them, even if they involve sacrifice and personal risk.
- Perspective. It is understood as the capacity to perceive what is truly important in any given situation.
Personality Characteristics of Ethical Leaders Integrity Integrity is one of the most important features of effective leadership. The leaders who demonstrate integrity are honest with themselves and others, learn from mistakes and improve themselves continually. They lead by example and expect as much from others as from themselves. They take responsibility for assessing important decisions and strive to balance competing interests in order to achieve key organizational goals (Hoenig, 2000).
Can an organization become successful, competitive and ethical especially in the current market? Akers believes that success in the market and ethical behavior are inseparable: “Ethics and competitiveness are inseparable. We as a community, we keep on competing. No society in any part of the world will compete successfully with back bitters; people with no morals and with every little dispute ending in court; and with government writing regulatory reams, trying to keep business and foot honest “(Oh, 69).
Rights and duties Rights define what people can expect as their due, so far as it is under the control of people or human society. There is always a duty associated with a right, though in many cases the duty on other people is simply that they do not interfere with or prevent others claiming their rights.
Any right an individual has relies on other people carrying out their duties towards that individual. So, it follows that if people neglect their duties, then other Maximizing the amount of good in the world This framework balances the benefits of an action against the risks and costs. It promotes the common good to help everyone have a fair share of the benefits in society, a community or a family. This framework is often described as ‘the ‘greatest happiness for the greatest number’.
It could be seen as ‘right’ to override the rights of individuals in order to bring about happiness in the wider community Making decisions for yourself This framework considers that people should make their own lives. Respecting people’s autonomy (independence) and decision-making abilities enables individuals to make reasoned and informed choices.
Personal autonomy is where people control their own destiny, through decisions they make throughout their lives Leading a virtuous life This framework supports the moral ‘rightness’ or ‘wrongness’ of actions. An action can be described as right or wrong independently from any consequences of the action. It is not the consequences that make an action right or wrong, but the principle or motivation on which the action is based.