.. ore he is allowed to climb up. If the person is not wanted but still begins the climb to the top. Jack has rigged a large rock with a log under it, with another log coming out from under that for leverage. The guard simply has to push down on the lever to send the rock tumbling down on the intruder.
37. Why do Jack and Roger invade Ralph’s camp at night? Jack and Roger invade Ralph’s camp at night to steal Piggy’s glasses so they can make fire without having to steal it from Ralph’s group everytime they need it. CHAPTER 11 (p. 187 – 201) 38.
What do Ralph and Piggy decide to do after they are attacked? Ralph and Piggy decide that they have to go and confront Jack and his savages, to talk some sense into them and to retrieve Piggy’s glasses. 39. What happens to Piggy? Piggy dies when the rock that the savages have rigged is dropped. The rock strikes Piggy and kills him causing the body to tumble into the sea.
CHAPTER 12 (p. 202 – 223) 40. Why is the stick in Chapter 12 sharpened at both ends? The Chapter 12 stick is sharpened at both ends because one end will be plunged into the earth and the other into Ralph’s head. 41. Now that Ralph is alone, what do you think he should do? Avoid being killed, he has many options.
He could get some white clay and some red clay and charcoal and paint himself up like one of the savages to avoid detection. He could try reasoning with them again or venture to the mountain of the beast and stay there. The savages would probably be to afraid to go there. If the boys are not rescued Ralph may be forced to challenge Jack to a one on one battle to the death.
The only way to avoid being killed by Jack is to reason with him (which he has tried) or kill Jack and regain his leadership. 42. Does Ralph believe now that Jack will kill him? Ralph seem to be puzzled as to what Jack plans to do to him. He does not know the significance of the stick sharpened at both ends.
Ralph is sure that Jack means to do something horrible to him. 43. At the end of the story, how do the rescuers know someone is on the island? How is this ironic? The rescuers know that someone is on the island because of the smoke created by the forest fire. Jack started this fire to get Ralph out of the thicket and is indirectly responsible for the rescue.
This is ironic because Jack was the one who resisted the idea of keeping a signal fire to summon rescuers, but in the end it was his fire who summoned them. 44. Does the naval officer believe that two boys were killed? The naval officer believes that two boys were killed, it is written in the story. “Nobody killed, I hope? Any dead bodies?” “Only two. And they’ve gone.” The officer leaned down and looked closely at Ralph.
“Two? Killed?” Ralph nodded again. Behind him, the whole island was shuddering with flame. The officer knew, as a rule, when people were telling the truth. He whistled softly.
(p. 222 l. 1 – 7) This tells me that the naval officer believed Ralph and even if he didn’t, his ability to know when people are telling the truth was wrong. The officer would find the truth soon enough.
45. Why does Ralph cry? What does he realize? Ralph cries at the end because he realizes what had happened on the island. The end of innocences, the darkness of their hearts, and the fall through the air of the true, wise friend called Piggy. The death of Simon and what could have happened had the ship and the naval officer not shown up.
LORD OF THE FLIES Symbolism Theme (Inferential and Critical) In addition to the theme of fear, there are other themes that run through Lord of the Flies; including: A. There is evil in all men. B. Democracy is only as successful as the people who make it work. C.
Manhood demands certain initiation rites. In the spaces provided, write the letter of the theme to which each statement below applies: 1. B “Meetings. Don’t we love meetings.
Every day. Twice a day. We talk.” (p. 55 l. 12) 2.
C Jack painted his face before he went hunting. (unknown) 3. B “I got the conch, … You let me speak!” (p. 46 l.
19) 4. A “Kill the beast. Cut his throat. Spill his blood.” (p. 167 l.
27) 5. B This toy of voting was almost as pleasing as the conch itself. (p. 24 l. 4) 6. A “We shall do you.
See? Jack and Roger and Maurice and Robert and Bill and Piggy and Ralph. Do you! See?” (p. 159 l. 11) 7. B “Which is better, law and rescue, or hunting and breaking things up?” (p. 199 l.
27) 8. C He’s buzzed off. He’s queer. He’s funny!” (p.
59 l. 33)9. C “I hit him,” said Ralph indignantly. “I hit him with my spear.
I wounded him!” (p. 125 l. 33) 10. B “I agree with Ralph. After all, we’ve got to have rules and obey them.” (p.
47 l. 7) Now choose any two of the symbols listed below. Write a short paragraph on each one, explaining how those symbols illustrate one or more of the themes of the novel. 1. The conch shell: The conch shell is a creamy white pink shell, found by Ralph and Piggy in the first chapter at the bottom of a small pool.
Ralph by blowing into the shell can create a sort of trumpet noise. The conch shell represents authority, and the theme, democracy is only as successful as the people who make it work. The conch shell, somewhat affective in its role at the start of the novel. Declines in power as the novel progresses until it is finally shattered in the end by the savages.
It shows how democracy has no place in the savage heart of man, and will be driven out by his evil and primitive nature. 2. Dazzle paint: The dazzle paint was first used by Jack as a camouflage to disguise himself against the pig’s clever eye. Jack eventually used this paint as a uniform for his whole tribe. The dazzle paint is a symbol I think most opposes the symbol of the conch shell.
The dazzle paint is symbolic of the savages and their primitive type of authority. A type of leadership embraced by the savages, the strongest will be chief and decide what we do and how we dress. LORD OF THE FLIES – CHARACTERIZATION PROVE THAT THE FOLLOWING ARE TRUE EVALUATIONS: SIMON a) is fearfully shy Simon is fearfully shy, he has an enormous amount of trouble speaking in front of the group. – Simon’s own thoughts -page 113 -lines 18 to 21 “He sighed.
Other people could stand up and speak to an assembly, apparently, without that dreadful feeling of the pressure of personality; could say what they would as though they were speaking to only one person.” b) is fearfully brave Simon is fearfully brave, he was the only one with the guts to go back up the mountain and confront whatever may be there. (p. 161 – 162) After Jack, Ralph and Roger were confronted by a beast there. – Simon’s own thoughts -page 162 -lines 16 to 19 “As Simon thought this, he turned to the poor broken thing that sat sinking by his side. The beast was harmless and horrible; and the news must reach the others as soon as possible.” c) is co-operative Simon is always helping Roger out, he always goes along with the group and does as much work or more as everyone else.
– Ralph talking to Jack -page 59 -lines 21 to 24 “Simon. He helps.” He pointed at the shelters. “All the rest rushed off. He’s done as much as I have. Only —-” “Simon’s always about” d) has intuitive wisdom Simon has intuitive wisdom, he knows that the beast is a creation of their imaginations early in the story, but has trouble explaining it to the group.
– Simon’s own words -page 98 – lines 22 and 26 to 28 “What I mean is .. maybe it’s only us.” “We could be sort of…” Simon became inarticulate in his effort to express mankind’s essential illness. Inspiration came to him. e) is sensitive to beauty and truth Simon is sensitive to beauty and truth, he is compassionate and caring. When Simon takes a walk in the forest the author’s description of the surrounding forest seems to increase in detail and beauty. (p.
61 – 62) – narration -page 62 -lines 13 to 18 “Simon dropped the screen of leaves back into place. The slope of the bars of honey-colored sunlight decreased; they slid up the bushes, passed over the green candle-like buds, moved up towards the canopy, and darkness thickened under the trees. With the fading of the light the riotous colors died and the heat and urgency cooled away.” f) provides comfort for Ralph Simon provides comfort for Ralph, he tells Ralph that he believes that Ralph will get back to where you came from. – Simon talking to Ralph -page 122 -lines 31 to 34 “Simon shook his head violently till the coarse black hair flew backwards and forwards across his face. “No, I’m not. I just think you’ll get back all right.” For a moment nothing more was said.
And then they suddenly smiled at each other. g) is mystic and a visionary – his intelligence goes beyond the visible Simon proves to be mystic and a visionary – his intelligence goes beyond the visible, Simon doesn’t and never did believe in the beast. To prove that there is no beast Simon climbs the mountain to confront whatever is there. – narration -page 161 -lines 30 to 34 “Simon felt his knees smack the rock.
He crawled forward and soon he understood. The tangle of lines showed him the mechanics of this parody; he examined the white nasal bones, the teeth, the colors of corruption.” h) is motivated by his desire to know the truth Simon is motivated by his desire to know the truth, Simon is sick and fainting often when he climbs the mountain to confront whatever is there. He can barely walk and still he pushes on. – narration -page 161 -lines 13 to 16 “He pushed on, staggering sometimes with his weariness but never stopping. The usual brightness was gone from his eyes and he walked with a sort of glum determination like an old man.” i) is prophetic Simon is prophetic, he prophesies that Ralph will get off the island. – Simon talking to Ralph -page 122 -lines 31 to 34 “Simon shook his head violently till the coarse black hair flew backwards and forwards across his face.
“No, I’m not. I just think you’ll get back all right.” For a moment nothing more was said. And then they suddenly smiled at each other. Vishnu is the preserver god, he preserves the creations of the world. Whenever dharma (eternal order, righteousness, religion, law and duty) is threatened, Vishnu travels from heaven to earth in one of ten predetermined incarnations. He is both a powerful and kind god, and is worshipped with great love and devotion by his followers in Hinduism, the Vaishnavites.
Vishnu is one of Hinduism’s most important gods. He is part of the main trinity of Hindu gods, Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. Vishnu is worshipped as the protector and preserver of the world and restorer of dharma. Vishnu manifests a portion of himself as an avatar anytime he is needed to fight evil. Vishnu’s wife is Lakshmi, the beautiful goddess of wealth and fortune.
(Bahree, 1984, p. 112) Together they live in the heavenly city Vaikuntha, which is located on the top of Mount Meru. (Wangu, 1991, p. 84) “The city is made entirely of gold and precious jewels.” (Wangu, 1991, p.
84) The Ganges River’s source is in Vishnu’s foot and flows throughout the city. The river form’s pools of heavenly water and lotuses of blue, red, and white grow out of them. Vishnu and Lakshmi sit in the coils of a hundred headed serpent called Anata (also known as Shesha) among the white lotuses. “They both radiate like the sun.” (Bahree, 1984, p. 112) Vishnu is very kingly in appearance, he wears a tall jeweled crown and is often portrayed sitting in a throne. Around his neck he wears the auspicious jewel Kaustubha, and on his chest is the curl of hair known as the shrivatsa mark, a sign of his immortality.
(Ratner, 1995) He is very tall and has four arms, symbolic of his many powers. In his upper right hand he holds a discus, in his lower right he holds a mace. His upper left hand holds a conch and his lower left a lotus flower. He is dressed in flowing robes and sits with his right foot on his left knee.
Vishnu lives in Vaikuntha until such a time when evil gains control. Then in the form of an avatar he travels to earth to destroy the forces of evil and restore balance. “Vishnu’s vehicle is Garuda, a half man, half eagle which Vishnu rides during his decent to earth.” (Hinduism, 1996) When Vishnu arrives on earth, he takes on an incarnation known as an avatar. This form is appropriate to accomplish the specific task that Vishnu descended in order to complete. His appearances are predetermined, nine of them have already occurred and the tenth has yet to come.
His first incarnation was Matsya (fish). In this form Vishnu saved the sage Manu and the Sacred Vedas from a great flood. During the flood, the gods lost the elixir of immortality. (Hinduism, 1996) Vishnu used his second incarnation to retrieve the potent drink, as Kurma (tortoise).
The earth was cast to the bottom of the sea soon afterwards by the demon Hiranyaksha. Vishnu used the form of Varaha (the boar) to ! dive to the bottom of the sea and retrieve the earth. He then spread the earth on top of the water to float. Vishnu could not kill Hiranyaksha as Varaha, “because the demon could not be killed by person or animal, during night or day, in or outside his home.” (Wangu, 1991, p. 84) Vishnu overcame him with his forth incarnation Narasimha (half-human, half-lion) and killed Hiranyaksha at dusk in the threshold of his home. When the Demon King Bali gained control of the universe.
Vishnu became Vamana (Dwarf) and asked Bali for as much as he could cover in three steps. The Demon King agreed and Vishnu changed to a Vamana (great giant) and reclaimed the universe in three steps. Vishnu’s sixth avatar is Parashurama or Rama with the axe. Vishnu’s seventh and eight incarnations are Rama (ruler) and Krishna (young hero and lover) they play an important role in the life of Hindu worshipers.
Epic tales are written about them. Vishnu’s ninth incarnation was the Buddha, some Hindus! believe that Vishnu took this form to teach wrong religious ideas to evil people. The tenth avatar of Vishnu, Kalki, has yet to come. Vishnu purpose as this avatar is not yet known. Religious followers of Vishnu are known as Vaishnavites.
They can be identified by the three vertical markings on their foreheads. Vishnu is a kind and loving god, whom is attentive to worldly matters, because of this his followers worship him with great love, devotion and lit.