According to Armstrong (2009), leadership is the process of inspiring people to do their best to achieve a desired result. It can also be defined as the ability to persuade others willingly to behave differently. The function of team leaders is to achieve the task set for them with the help of the group. According to Nzuve (2007), to a large extent the attitude of the rank and file towards safety is a reflection of the attitude of their supervisors. Line managers should set examples not merely by telling but by demonstrating the seriousness of safety and health measures. Accidents are partly the fault of individuals, partly of technology and partly of the result of such factors as group attitudes and improper supervision.
In light of this, safety must be considered as the responsibility of the whole organization (Cullen, 2002). Any attempt to departmentalize it one common technique for reinforcing safe practices is implementing a safety incentive program to reward workers for their support and commitment to safety goals .Initially programs are set up to focus on improving short term monthly or quarterly goals or to encourage safety suggestions (Gerhart, Hollenbeck, Noe &Wright, 2008), may inevitably lead to confusion and inefficiency. Safety program could succeed through formulation of safety policy that aims at making the place of work safe in all aspects. Such a policy should be in writing and issued as an official statement by top management, safety education for all levels accident analysis and enforcement of safety rules.
Dohery & Tyson (2000) argue persuasively that