The people and the Depression In the book The grapes of Wrath, the Joads undergo the hit of the depression, they have to leave their farm. They go to California for jobs, but find there are few jobs, and it Pays little, or at least less then what they were told. The government tried to start programs to house and employ people like the Joads. Since the people who already lived in the cities in which these developments were put didn’t want them there anyway, they tried to start a riot and have the police Arrest them.
Although in the movie the plan was foiled, it could have worked in many other places, or the towns folk could have just created a lynch mob, and eventually the people living in the development would leave. I believe that the economic situation of the country has a great effect on the fall, or succession of people like the Joads, but I don’t believe government programs will effect them at all. For example, the great depression was a major economical event, and it greatly effected more then just people like the Joads, but programs like the public works administration, which employed people for government construction projects. Another program, the Works Progress Administration, later called the Works Projects Administration was created to develop relief programs, and to keep a person’s skills. From 1935-1943, it employed 8 million people, and spent 11 billion dollars. But in 1939, there were still 9.5 million still unemployed.
Another program was the Civilian Conservation Corps. Unemployed, unmarried young men were enlisted to work on conservation and resource-development projects such as soil conservation, flood control, and protection of forests and wildlife. These men we! Provided with food, lodging, and other necessities, and were given a small monthly salary. Another program was the CWA, the civil works administration. It employed more then 4 million workers to build and repair roads, and Teach in schools, were just a couple of the jobs.
Some of these programs would work temporarily, but eventually there would be no more work to do, or the government would run out of funds. All these programs were hated by some, and loved by others, and some just didn’t care. The businessmen that were lucky enough not to lose everything and the other employees working in the cities who still had jobs during the depression didn’t like these new programs. In the movie, The Grapes of Wrath, The town’s people didn’t like the government-funded version of a “Hooverville”.
The townspeople, along with the police tired to start a fight during a dance, so the police could come in, arrest some of the people living there, and say that this new development wasn’t safe for the town, and it would have to be rid of. Fortunately for them they were able to discover their little plan, and spoiled the plan. But this showed how much the people in the towns hated these new developments like the Hoovervilles. Also, I can’t recall what town! It was in, but when the Joad’s approached one town border, the men there said there was no work, and that they would have to turn around, I believe they even had the police there. This showed how much the people already living in these towns and cities fear the coming farmers and others that had lost their jobs, for the townspeople wanted to keep their jobs. I think it would have been smarter for the government to buy the farms that people like the Joads were being kicked off, that way they could still work there, and because they only got paid in food and shelter, the extra food that they made that used to go to their employer would go to the government which could either be sold for less, or given out in rations to the poor, and homeless.
I believe that Roosevelt had too much power, he was making too many programs that didn’t work. He was throwing money here, and money there to programs designed to employ people, yet there were still millions of people still employed. I believe if he had less power, his plans would have been looked over more carefully, and the programs could have been substantially better. I believe that the programs created by the government had little affect, and that the money could have been spent more wisely, and better programs could have been created, but I do think that the economy has a major impact on the fall, or survival of a family, like the Joads. This shows that communism was already happening in the United States of America even though they tried to ban this book.