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Updated January 17, 2019

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MacIntyre essay

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MacIntyre (1999) stated that grammar of the target language becomes responsible for creating anxiety. Some of the learners may have difficulty in understanding grammar, therefore, they become anxious (as cited in Kayao?lu & Sa?lamel, 2013, p. 149).

When learners face with high anxious feeling, acquisition of a foreign language is unlikely to be successful. Oxford (1999) showed that anxiety damages language learners’ achievement “indirectly through worry and self-doubt and directly by reducing participation and creating overt avoidance of the language”. (p.60). Cubukcu (2007) refers to the reasons of anxiety in the following:”(a) Presenting before the class, (b) making mistakes, (c) losing face, (d) inability to express oneself, (e) fear of failure,(f) teachers and (g) fear of living up to the standard “. (p.133).

Meena Dasari, a psychologist from the New York University Child Study Center for Anxiety and Mood Disorder referred to some anxiety symptoms which may be unique to children.

MacIntyre essay

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MacIntyre. (2019, May 23). Retrieved from