Brave New World By Huxley John the savage and Mustapha Mond the world controller both have their separate ideas of what happiness is. Mustapha defends the new society, pointing out the advantages that the savage world does not have, and what he perceives as the people being happy. “But I don’t want comfort. I want God, I want poetry, I want real danger, I want freedom, and I want goodness. I want sin.” “In fact,” said Mustapha Mond, “you’re claiming the right to be unhappy.” “All right then,” said the Savage defiantly, “I’m claiming the right to be unhappy.” “Not to mention the right to grow old and ugly and impotent.
The right to have syphilis and cancer; the right to have too little to eat; the right to be lousy; the right to live in constant apprehension of what may happen tomorrow; the right to catch typhoid; the right to be tortured by unspeakable pains of every kind.” There was a long silence. “I claim them all,” said the Savage at last. (1) John doesnt see death or life to be something that should not be enjoyed. He takes life everyday as it comes, where in the utopia it is all pre-decided for you and there are no worries. He wants the inconveniences that come with everyday life outside utopia, the freedom of being able to read Shakespeare, and other literary works that have not been locked up and hidden from the view of everyone.
In johns eyes, the problem with the people in the brave new world is that they lack the freedom of making their own choices that would in turn make them happy. Mustapha sees the Savage as an amusing diversion, a masochist who really does not understand the situation. The World Controller lives by the credo ‘Community, Identity, Stability.’ All the things claimed by John are unnecessary diversions, or even harmful to individuals. What use are emotions, things that just breed unhappiness? Mustapha sees John as a stubborn individual who demands things he doesn’t need, just because he doesn’t have them.
Despite John’s arguments for the richness of life, it is true that laughter can exist without tears, and that pleasure can exist without pain. Mustapha Mond misses the point of the Savage’s argument. It seems to me that one of the defining aspects of humanity are that we do not want to waste our lives. This gives us a motive for all of our actions, whether it be going to school, experiencing intense emotions or founding a family. For the same reasons, personal identity is a highly prized commodity.
How can we make our lives useful and worthwhile if we lead our lives in exactly the same way as countless others, like the citizens of the Brave New World? By denying the inhabitants of the New World their choices, Mustapha also denies them their freedom. The result is a world of automatons, like a collective of ants on a hill. Mustapha and the other world controllers have sacrificed the very essence of humanity in the name of stability. Though John and Mond are both what they perceive as happy, we are left with wondering if they can truly say that they are happy.
Mond gave up his happiness to give the New World happiness. Mond choose the happiness of the society as a whole instead of his own personal happiness. John was ripped out of his society and dropped into a world that was nothing like his own. People all alike, no one was at all different. Restricted from the time they where”created” to fit in the mold of society. How you looked, acted, thought, what job they would hold.
Everything pre-determined. Nothing left to the imagination. John had his idea of what happiness was. Though he died trying to achieve it. He had a perception of what in life he wanted.
He wanted to experience the pain and hunger that you only can when you are truly happy. Mond gave up his chance to benefit others. If given the choice I think I would rather live in the savage society where I would have the chance to experience everything that was available. Not having life pre-determined.