Tourism is very vast and a fast-growing sector in the global that has significant impacts on the environment, culture, society, and economic which affects positively and negatively. Natural resources help generate and promote more income ability to provide settings that are environmentally safe for the domestic & overseas community (Cater 1993).
Tourism plays a significant tool in developing tourism and economic tool with accuracy it may be beneficial for the department. But one wrong turn could relatively destroy the natural resources or misuse them. One of the biggest barriers to tourism is water shortage which has affected the communities along with the industry. The natural resources have been damaged due to pollution, loss of natural lands and agricultural lands to tourism development, loss of open space, destruction including plants, animals, etc. degradation of historic sites and monuments, disruption of wildlife, and introduction of exotic species (Hall, 2001). This research provides a critique of tourism literature and focuses on environmental impacts on tourism management.
Expatriates & the communities indirectly generate revenue but tourists’ expenditures such as lodging, accommodation, transportation, food, guides, and souvenirs (Laarman and Sedjo 1992). When economic stability is constrained and the demand for visitors is higher the level of negative tourism impact occurs. Interactions between domestic and tourists improvise creative expression that provides new opportunities positively or individually with new negative factors (Przeclawski 1986). The number of people is tremendously increasing due to having enough financial means which is often seen as a behavioral expression.
Tourism helps the community to gain knowledge, and experience and provides a quality of life that exceeds the needs and wants of the tourists and the communities. That includes one or many facilities i.e backpacking, assessing wildlife, camping, and nature study (English and others 1993). Loss of such valuable assets has an impact on the lands which leads to such areas soil erosion, increased pollution, discharges into the sea or ocean, natural habitat loss, and puts enormous pressure on the areas (Zaiton & Hassan, 2012). Vulnerability to such critical factors increases the pressure and endangered species.
The research provides basic information about nature-based, man-made, ecotourism, and such issues relatively suggest the potential areas and sustain the tourism value (Al-Badi et al., 2017). In discussing the environmental effects of tourism management should be able to help out the community to create a sustainable and eco-friendly tourism industry. Tourism has contributed a major part to the industry to enhance the activity in the market by raising the economic value throughout. To some extent, the community thinks that having such activity going is a bit dominant in the industry.
Yet it’s not understood that the interest of fast-growing industry is the concern for the community (UNEP, 1995, 1997, 1998; WTO, 1995). Tourism management must maintain an array of impacts that are negatively and consistently affecting the community that isn’t applicable in such conditions. Management must have a vision, a plan, and sensitivity to overcome the temptation of having such problematic issues in the industry (Seidl 1994). Opportunities and resources should be utilized as required by working against the effects that are beneficial for the geographical area and fluctuating impacts (Cater 1993).
Neglecting such impacts on tourism might be beneficiary for the tourist’s satisfaction, culture as well community (English and others 1993). Elements are the main key to maintaining tourism sectors which supposedly are invested in a green environment. Having a plan might be useful to protect such assets that are valuable for the community and economic growth (Laarman and Sedjo 1992).