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Childhood Vaccinations

Updated January 17, 2019

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Childhood Vaccinations: Health Promotion and Disease ControlBianca Y. Miller Springfield Technical Community College Vaccination is a term used to describe the act of introducing an antigen into the body to produce immunity to a specific disease. Immunity refers to the body’s ability to protect itself from infection and disease by pathogens.

Vaccines may contain inactive, weakened, or live forms of pathogens such as bacteria and viruses. However, they do not cause disease. When vaccines are administered, the body responds by producing antibodies to counteract the antigen, which leads to immunity. This form of immunity is known as adaptive, or acquired immunity.

Natural immunity afforded to an individual at birth is known as innate immunity. Unlike adaptive immunity, innate immunity is nonspecific. Therefore, it offers minimal protection against infectious disease. For this reason, childhood vaccination has become a public health imperative. From a historical perspective, immunizations are a relatively new medical intervention.

As early as the turn of the last century, prevention of disease with the use of immunization was unheard of. The use of vaccinations has existed for more than two centuries. The very first vaccination use dated back to the 1700s when Edward Jenner tested it on a little boy. “Edward Jenner is well known around the world for his innovative contribution to immunization and the ultimate eradication of smallpox” (Reidel). The first vaccinations were developed to prevent diseases such as polio and smallpox, progressing to prevention of Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Tetanus and chicken pox.

Virulent and debilitating diseases such as Smallpox and Polio, which particularly affected children, have been systematically eliminated worldwide. Influenza, which decimated the world population in the epidemic of 1918, is now widely immunized against, and multiple efforts throughout the world are made to identify the most virulent strains and immunize against them. Over the last century, more immunizations have been developed. We can now immunize against certain types of meningitis, and pneumonia, as well as shingles and human papilloma virus. In the modern society, the use of vaccines has become a vital part in every person’s life.

Infants were started on their regimen of vaccines early in their lives. Newborn babies are vaccinated at birth and are required to get specific vaccines before entering public schools. According to the National Vaccine Information Center, states have specific vaccination requirements for children entering public schools. Based on their age, certain doses of a vaccine become mandatory for them to be promoted onto the next grade level. Parents were unquestioning in their acceptance of the authority and judgments of the physicians and practitioners who administered those immunizations.

Though this process has become very common, many people still have concerns about the risks and side effects that comes along with it. Recently People connected the use of vaccinations to the increase of health problems with the new generations. Many are afraid that it may lead to future health complications that may eventually lead to death. Although people may have concerns about the uses of vaccines. people should acknowledge the fact that not only does vaccines provide benefits for individuals themselves but it also provides benefits and protection for the community and future generations. Vaccinations are extremely cost effective, safe, provides herd immunity, and it helps to eradicate deadly diseases.

the numbers of those who die or are disabled due to diseases preventable by immunization have steadily declined. We encourage the infants to keep immunizations up to date. with all these advantages, people should always get vaccinated whenever possible.  These immunizations have been, and remain subsidized by the state and federal governments to ensure that no child is deprived. Childhood Vaccinations: Health Promotion and Disease ControlThe body of your paper uses a half-inch first line indent and is double-spaced. APA style provides for up to five heading levels, shown in the paragraphs that follow.

Note that the word Introduction should not be used as an initial heading, as it’s assumed that your paper begins with an introduction. Heading 1 The first two heading levels get their own paragraph, as shown here. Headings 3, 4, and 5 are run-in headings used at the beginning of the paragraph.Heading 21 To add a table of contents (TOC), apply the appropriate heading style to just the heading text at the start of a paragraph and it will show up in your TOC. To do this, select the text for your heading. Then, on the Home tab, in the Styles gallery, click the style you need.

Heading 3. Include a period at the end of a run-in heading. Note that you can include consecutive paragraphs with their own headings, where appropriate.Heading 4. When using headings, don’t skip levels. If you need a heading 3, 4, or 5 with no text following it before the next heading, just add a period at the end of the heading and then start a new paragraph for the subheading and its text. (Last Name, Year) Heading 5.

Like all sections of your paper, references start on their own page. The references page that follows is created using the Citations & Bibliography feature, available on the References tab. This feature includes a style option that formats your references for APA 6th Edition. You can also use this feature to add in-text citations that are linked to your source, such as those shown at the end of this paragraph and the preceding paragraph. To customize a citation, right-click it and then click Edit Citation. (Last Name, Year) References BIBLIOGRAPHY Last Name, F.

M. (Year). Article Title. Journal Title, Pages From – To.

Last Name, F. M. (Year). Book Title.

City Name: Publisher Name. Footnotes 1Add footnotes, if any, on their own page following references. For APA formatting requirements, it’s easy to just type your own footnote references and notes. To format a footnote reference, select the number and then, on the Home tab, in the Styles gallery, click Footnote Reference. The body of a footnote, such as this example, uses the Normal text style.

(Note: If you delete this sample footnote, don’t forget to delete its in-text reference as well. That’s at the end of the sample Heading 2 paragraph on the first page of body content in this template.)Tables Table 1 Table Title Column Head Column Head Column Head Column Head Column Head Row Head 123 123 123 123 Row Head 456 456 456 456 Row Head 789 789 789 789 Row Head 123 123 123 123 Row Head 456 456 456 456 Row Head 789 789 789 789 Note: Place all tables for your paper in a tables section, following references (and, if applicable, footnotes). Start a new page for each table, include a table number and table title for each, as shown on this page. All explanatory text appears in a table note that follows the table, such as this one. Use the Table/Figure style, available on the Home tab, in the Styles gallery, to get the spacing between table and note.

Tables in APA format can use single or 1.5 line spacing. Include a heading for every row and column, even if the content seems obvious. A default table style has been setup for this template that fits APA guidelines. To insert a table, on the Insert tab, click Table.Figures title: Figure 1.

Include all figures in their own section, following references (and footnotes and tables, if applicable). Include a numbered caption for each figure. Use the Table/Figure style for easy spacing between figure and caption.For more information about all elements of APA formatting, please consult the APA Style Manual, 6th Edition.

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Childhood Vaccinations. (2019, Mar 09). Retrieved from